Xena Warrior Princess: Ties that Bind

Owing to an unfortunate DVD mix-up, I've had to abandon my plan to review Xena entirely in order, but I will try to go back and catch up on the missing episodes whenever I can. This episode appears somewhat later in Season 1, and I'm very happy to see that Gabrielle has finally got herself some more attractive and more practical clothing, even if it is still orange.

This episode revolves around the return of Ares, previously seen being slimy and evil and trying to win Xena back for the forces of darkness. Here, he is slimy and evil and tries to win Xena back for the forces of darkness. He goes about it in a rather more interesting way, though.

Ares is a more warlike god of war here, but also even more totally nasty, as his unfortunate underling discovers to his cost. It's interesting that the god of war is presented as an evil so-and-so (I haven't seen any of the Hades episodes yet, so I don't know whether this is in addition to the usual pop cultural identification of Hades as The Bad Guy or instead of it). I really like this idea, that identifies war and battle of any kind with evil, which is totally different from how the ancients viewed this god (I suspect that, a few years on, this idea would never have got anywhere). Most depictions of Ares follow the ancients more closely, portraying him as perhaps a little trigger-happy, but more powerful than bad, a god you want on your side rather than a god to fight against (not that having him actually did the Trojans any good, but still). He's certainly a much more interesting and unusual choice than Hades for the position of 'evil god of the pantheon', something that didn't exist in ancient mythology but that modern interpretations seem to feel is necessary to give them a strong bad guy. The choice of Ares for this role fits very well with the series' overall theme of redemption and striving for peace (albeit through the medium of vast amounts of fighting while wearing skimpy armour).

Ares is also much more cunning than last time and shows how close Xena still is to her former, evil self by presenting a scenario that might drive anyone to a desire for violence and revenge. As Xena screams 'kill them all!' it becomes clear how much she needs Gabrielle around to hold her back, and Gabrielle hitting her over the head is both an important step in the development of their relationship and totally awesome.

We learn some more about Xena's personal history when she talks about her father, which is nice - there's nothing particularly strange or startling to be learned, just the sad but frequently-heard story of how she worshipped him and then he left (see also: Buffy, B'Elanna Torres) but it's nice to know a little more about her anyway. And Xena taking over an army is naughty but rather cool, though I was thoroughly amused by how much 'Hail Xena!' sounds like 'Hail Caesar!' (well, it does to me anyway!).

The B plot involves Gabrielle's interactions with a group of girls she and Xena have rescued from slavery, but who did not all want to be rescued. At first I thought this might be a really interesting exploration of why someone might sell themselves into slavery and how desperate you would have to be to do so, something that did happen in the ancient world, but it turns out this particular young woman offered herself in place of her sister - which is a good story and very noble, but not quite such an interesting sociological concept.

I enjoyed this episode a lot more than I thought I would. Ares didn't really appeal to me much as a character last time around, but here he plays a more interesting role with cleverer plan and allows us a glimpse into another side of Xena's personality. And he has a rather nice line in funky earrings.


  1. Perhaps it's more of a late Classical/Hellenistic view, but the Greeks were a bit ambivalent about Ares. Sure he was good for a laugh, but he was also rather unpredictable. He was often described as tattooed and closely connected with Thrace, so he wasn't quite properly Greek. Ares was the god of war in the sense of the chaos and wildness, the killing and the mud and the blood. The scrum if you will. The divine help you really wanted was Athena, who was all about strategy and tactics.

  2. Yes, but the point is, he wasn't evil. He's portrayed in Xena as an unequivocal bad guy, which is not the way he's presented in Classical texts - none of the Olympians are presented that way.

  3. I suppose Hera comes across as a bad guy in the myths of Hercules, actually, but it's generally more to do with personal vendettas than generalised evilness.

  4. Very true, he wasn't evil, just disturbing. The ancients don't seem to have had much a concept of evil. Good and bad, yes, but not real evil. Maybe that takes a dualistic approach to the universe like the Persians had. Hmmm,is there any real indication of the concept of evil in a culture not influenced by Zoroastrianism? That would include ancient Judaism. How much of the concept there predates the Babylonian captivity?

  5. I don't know I'm afraid, my in depth knowledge of Jewish history pretty much starts with the Roman Empire. I don't know that the concept of evil is particularly prevalent though - even in early Christianity, I don't think it's as prevalent as it later became in medieval Christianity, though the Devil and temptation by the Devil are obviously present from the at least the second century AD (compilation of the New Testament) onwards.

  6. It looks like a pretty thorny problem, actually. There doesn't seem to be a real distinction in the scholarship between evil and wrongdoing, which strikes me as inadequate. It seems like what we're really talking about here is the personification of evil, which in the ancient world is very much a post-exposure to Zoroastrianism thing.


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